Diagnostic Imaging

Stereotactic ablative body radiation therapy (SABR) nearly doubled the overall survival of patients with inoperable stage I lung cancer compared to standard radiotherapy, according to results of a multi-center phase III trial published in Lancet Oncology.

The FDA has approved nerve stimulation for treatment of episodic and chronic cluster headaches and acute migraines. The findings, detailed in a study published online Feb. 13 in PLOS ONE, could help personalize treatment for PTSD, which according to the National Institute of Mental Health impacts roughly 3.6 percent of U.S. adults per year. 

Breast cancer screening centers may want to consider implementing digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and digital mammography (DM) into their practice, according to results of a recent Radiology study. Pairing both modalities significantly increased the sensitivity and specificity of detecting breast cancers.

The imaging technique has proven reliable in detecting neuron loss in people with neurodegenerative illnesses, but now can serve as a marker of dopamine function in those without neurodegenerative disorders. It also provides many advantages over conventional invasive methods or modalities requiring radiation exposure, such as PET.

“The diagnostic performance and efficiency of current MRI may yield overall value when it is used as a first-line modality in pediatric ED for acute abdominal pain,” wrote Raza Mushtaq, MD, of the University of Arizona College of Medicine, and colleagues, in a new study published in Radiology.

Aggressive treatment is not warranted in patients with pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), a malignant soft tissue tumor in the muscle tissue of children, according to a multi-site analysis of CT scans published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Roughly 5,500 NHS patients who had fractures repaired with metal plates will need their x-rays reviewed after a hospital mix-up lead some patients to receive faulty implants, according to a recent report from The Independent. 

When imaging pediatric patients, dual-energy head CT decreased radiation dosage, reduced artifacts and maintained a high-quality image compared to conventional head CT protocols, reported authors of a Feb. 7 study published in Clinical Imaging.

An MRI-guided strategy for treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) showed no benefits over conventional treat-to-target approaches, according to a Feb. 5 study published in JAMA. The authors also found the modality showed no benefit in radiographic progression.

“This case emphasized the importance of a high index of suspicion in an unusual presentation of a common disease and the pivotal role of bronchoscopic intervention in malignant central airway obstruction,” Abdul Hanif Khan, MD, and colleagues wrote, in a new case report published by The BMJ.

University of Arizona in Tuscon researchers, led by Diego Martin, MD, PhD, chair of the university’s medical imaging department, have developed an MRI technique aimed to replace blood tests and invasive biopsies for measuring nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, according to a report by the Arizona Daily Star.

A group of researchers from the Republic of Korea found the 2018 Liver Imaging and Reporting Data System (LI-RADS) could accurately differentiate hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from other malignancy in patients with liver cirrhosis, according to a study published Jan. 29 in Radiology.